Forward Exchanges

Section 1031 Tax Deferred Exchanges - A Review of the Final Regulations

Tax deferred exchanges of real estate have been recognized by the Internal Revenue Code since the 1920s. A variety of factors have converged the past several years leading to a dramatic increase in the popularity of tax deferred exchanges as an alternative to real property sales.

Limit Taxes on Sale of Rental Equipment Through 1031 Exchanges

At 39.1 percent, the U.S. corporate income tax rate (average combined federal and state) is the highest in the industrialized world. Most of us want to find ways to (legally) limit our taxes. For equipment lessors, one of the best and most commonly overlooked ways to limit/defer taxes is to “exchange” (rather than sell outright) old or obsolete equipment.

Internal Revenue Code Section 1031

Under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) section 1031, no gain or loss is recognized when companies sell business or investment property and acquire property that is like-kind. A transaction that is structured as a tax-deferred exchange is generally referred to as a "like-kind exchange" or an "LKE". Equipment dealers, car rental companies, and other organizations that routinely dispose of business assets can realize substantial benefits from an ongoing program of exchanges (referred to as an LKE Program).

Deferred Exchanges: Avoiding Traps for the Unwary

Tax-deferred exchanges of real estate have been recognized by the Internal Revenue Code since the 1920s. Recently, various factors have converged leading to a marked increase in the use of tax-deferred exchanges as an alternative to outright real property sales. Two of the principal factors resulting in the current popularity of tax-deferred exchanges are the increase in the maximum capital gain rate and the practical implications of the legal decision in Starker v. United States. Although simultaneous exchanges had been employed for a long time, the landmark Starker case opened a window of opportunity for valid exchanges on a nonsimultaneous basis.

Understanding Tax-Deferred Exchanges of Real Estate

The concept of tax-deferred exchanges is quite simple: If one trades property for like-kind property and does not receive any cash or other non-like-kind property, then no profit has been made, and there are no immediate tax consequences. While the basis in the replacement property is affected, any gain is deferred until the eventual sale of the replacement property.

Tax-deferred exchanges of real estate and personal property have been recognized by the I.R.C. since the 1920s, and regulations introduced in 1991 made structuring such transactions easier.

Rev. Proc. 2008-16: Exchanges of Vacation Homes and Rental Property

This revenue procedure provides a safe harbor under which the Internal Revenue Service (the “Service”) will not challenge whether a dwelling unit qualifies as property held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment for purposes of § 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code.

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